A few years ago, I watched a video on YouTube with Alan Wilson (historian) called ‘The Hidden History of Britain‘ where he talked about someone called ‘Albyn’ migrating from Syria to ancient Britain circa. 1500 BC. If you are not aware, Alan Wilson and Baram Blackett have been trying to uncover the hidden history of Britain and King Arthur for many years.
With regards to this particular tale, Albyn was believed to be the daughter of a (Syrian) king called Diocletian who ruled over thirty-three provinces during a Bronze Age era where Chaldea would have been a powerful region, with Ur of Chaldea known as the birthplace of the leading Hebrew patriarch Abram (אַבְרָם). Myths about this Albyn being a female seem likely to have originated from around the 14th century, where ‘Albina’ and her sisters were regarded as being the original founders of Albion. See “Reading the Medieval in Early Modern England” (myths of origin and the struggle over nationhood), Bernau, Anke (2007).
The story of Albina also survives in other literary forms, such as the Anglo-Norman poem “Des grantz geanz” which dates back to around 1300–1334. Contrary to Albyn being a woman, another historical tale from Holinshed’s Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland, 1587 edition, alleges that ancient Britain became known as Albion and Bergion (later called Ireland) after an invasion by two giant brothers who were descendants of Cush, a son of Ham, a son of Noah.
In Welsh, Albyn shifts to Alban. With this in mind, I am going to take the view that Albyn was a man and show how his identity has been confused or disguised over the centuries and continue with the story that Diocletian was being harassed by a Hittite warlord called Labarna. According to myth, Labarna was eventually pacified by marrying one of Diocletian’s daughters. It is important to note that during this period of time the Hittites were dominating warfare with chariots and superior fighting skills, an attribute they gained from being descended from Heth (חֵת), which made them part of a larger collection of warrior tribes known as the ‘Sons of Heth’. From a biblical perspective, Heth was a son of Canaan (כִּנַעַן), who was the son of Ham (חָם), who was the Son of Noah (נֹחַ), and the word Heth means ‘terror’ in Hebrew with its etymology stemming from châthath, which means to shatter something or break it apart.
The first step in solving the puzzle of who this Bronze Age Alban (Albyn) was, is to acknowledge that Alban is an anagram of Laban and Laban (לָבָן) extends into Labarna through the Hebrew word ‘Lebana’ (לְבָנָא). The second part of the puzzle to understand is that Laban translates to ‘be white‘ in Hebrew. And third, Albion is an anagram of the word Albino. Taking this into consideration, it seems logical to conclude that a man called Laban was named because he had pale white skin; note that ‘Lebana’ in Hebrew means ‘moon-white’, suggesting that Laban and Lebana describe unusually pale white skin and possibly even hair, within the scope of an albino. The word Lebana would therefore also correspond with moon worship at that time. Consider the impact that an albino person might have on an ancient Middle East, at the very least he or she may be regarded as unusual, or possibly seen as a good omen from the gods (Moon), or even viewed as a curse on account the colour of the skin was like that of a ghost or the ‘Jin’ (demons and vampires).
So, who is this Bronze Age (pale white) Laban, also known as Lebana?
The Bible (Gen 24:29) tells us that Rebekah (also called Ribkah רִבְקָה) had a brother called Laban, making him a son of Bethuel (בְּתוּאֵל), however, (Gen 22:23) says that Bethuel begat only Rebekah and does not mention Laban, but instead goes on to reference other sons of Milcah. Curiously (Gen 24:15) says that Bethuel was the son of Milcah, who was the wife of Nahor, rather than simply stating that Bethuel was the son of Nahor. The following verses (Gen 24:24 & Gen 24:27) also make similar claims; that Bethuel was the son of Milcah, who was the wife of Nahor. In contrast however, (Gen 11:24-25) specifically states that Nahor begat Terah and also other sons and daughters, but there is no mention of Bethuel. Further knowledge of Bethuel being born unto Nahor comes from Abraham in (Gen 22:20), but again, the association is through Milcah and not Nahor because Abraham says: behold, Milcah, she hath also born children unto thy brother Nahor; Huz his firstborn (which conflicts with Terah being the first born), and Buz his brother, and Kemuel, Chesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph and Bethuel.
This confusion is better understood by going back through the dynasty of the Hebrews to ‘Eber’, the great, great grandson of Shem, who had two sons called ‘Joktan’ and ‘Peleg’. Interestingly, in Hebrew, Joktan translates ‘to be small’ and ‘insignificant’ from the word ‘qaton’, whereas Peleg means ‘division’, and it was this line of descent that led exclusively to Abram and the Tribes of Israel. There were also two patriarchs called Nahor, one was the son of Serug, who lived for one hundred and forty eight years and the other was the son of Terah, meaning they were grandfather and grandson. The fact that Milcah is applied to verses involving Nahor has probably been done to distinguish Nahor as the son of Terah, meaning Abrahams brother, rather than Nahor as the grandfather. To bring this into focus, Nahor would have been a powerful ruler, something that is reflected in the meaning of his wife’s name because Milcah (מִלְכָּה) translates to Queen in Hebrew.
The ‘division’ created by Peleg is continued in the name Bethuel, which translates to ‘God destroys’, ‘destroyed of God’ or ‘Man of God’, coming from the root word ‘bathah’ which means ‘end’ or ‘destruction’. The end or destruction of what though, that is the question. And it is an important question to ask because Rebekah is a key figure in the bible because she was married to Isaac and was therefore the mother of Jacob, who himself was the father of the ‘Thirteen Tribes of Israel’, remembering that Jesus was claimed to come from the root of David. With regards to Bethuel being mentioned as the father of Rebekah (Gen 22:23) and not Laban, who was introduced as her brother in (Gen 24:29), I believe this is probably due to Laban being her brother-in-law, through an unnamed sister.
Some key points about Rebekah. Her name in Hebrew means ‘ensnarer’ (by way of beauty) and she is described as being a very fair damsel to look upon in Gen 24:16. She was married to Abraham’s son Isaac (יִצְחָק), which means laughter (i.e. mockery) in Hebrew. Perhaps the meaning of Rebekah’s name explains the ‘destructive’ element in relation to the meaning of her fathers name, it would go some way in explaining why Rebekah’s son Jacob (יַעֲקֹב) would acquire a destiny that was taken by deception, something that was actively encouraged by Rebekah. Another important point to take into consideration with regards to this entire biblical narrative is the meaning of Jacob’s name. Jacob means ‘heel holder or ‘supplanter’, which means to wrongly take the place of another and comes from the root word: aqeb (עָקֵב), something that is reflected in (Gen 25:26), which says that after he was born Jacob took hold of his brothers heel.
Standing on its own, Gen 25:26 does not seem to make much sense, but when you look at it in context with Gen 3:15, which goes all the way back to Adam and Eve’s original transgression in the Garden of Eden (and the prophesy of the promised seed), Jacob’s name, and his role in the divine show becomes clearer. Following the serpents (נָחָשׁ) temptation of Adam and Eve, it is cursed by the LORD God who puts enmity between it and the woman (Eve), and their respective future seeds, saying the curse will cause Eve’s seed to bruise the head of the serpent, (give it a headache) with the serpent seed bruising the heel of the seed of Eve.
One of the most common mistakes that people make when interpreting the bible is to regard the serpent in the garden as a literal snake, when in actual fact it likely refers to another person / entity / deity. The word serpent comes from Hebrew ‘nachash’ which means to practice divination and observe signs and omens. In other words, whatever the serpent was doing relates specifically to prophecy, which directly relates to Laban the Aramean as will become apparent.
Firstly. It is important to understand the underlying conflict that existed between the religions of Jacob and Laban, which is highlighted in (Gen 31:19) when Rachel stole her father gods (Laban’s brass idols). In (Gen 31:29-30) Laban reveals that he has the power to harm Jacob but was warned against it by (Jacob’s) God in a dream, and also demands to know why Jacob stole his gods. Furthermore, in (Gen 31:42), Jacob talks about the god of his father and of Abraham, who probably followed the same (anunnaki) pantheon of gods as Laban when he was Abram. The LORD had said to Abram, “Leave your country, your people and your father’s household and go to the land I will show you. (Gen 12:1). Further into the biblical narrative (Gen 17:5) deals with Abram becoming Abraham which reflects a change from moon worship to sun worship.
My suggestion of Laban(a) hailing from the Sons of Heth and being adopted into the dynasty of Shem by marrying into the ‘House of Bethuel’ (also Diocletian) would mean that princesses Leah and Rachel, two of the mothers that were responsible for bringing the Tribes of Israel into the world were tainted contributors to the divine bloodline, that is to say, they did not come exclusively from the dynasty of Shem but involved Laban the Hittite who was said to have lived around ‘Padam-aram’ (near Haran) during the late Bronze Age (circa. 1600 BC.).
Leah begat Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Dinah.
Rachel begat Benjamin and Joseph.
Zilpah begat Gad and Asher
Bilnah begat Dan and Naphtali
Apart from the shady back story of Jacob immorally acquiring his brothers birthright and for tricking his blind father (Isaac) into giving him Essau’s blessing on his death bed, which was encouraged by Rebekah, Jacob also had four wives. Worth noting about the life of this white Laban, as well, is the clash that happened between him and Jacob over his two daughters, something that began because Jacob wanted to marry the younger Rachel rather than the older princess Leah, in the end Jacob was made to do seven years service and wait for Rachel.
Genesis 29:20-27 shows up something of interest because the dispute between Jacob and Laban highlights a clash of cultures when Laban states that he is unable to marry a younger daughter before the firstborn. Surely Jacob would have known about his uncle given that Laban was supposed to be from another branch of the same Shemite royalty, unless of course Laban was a ‘Son of Heth’ following a different culture, worshipping different gods. Gen 31:19 seems to add weight to this because it explains how Rachel stole her fathers gods (idols) before her and Jacob secretly fled Laban.
Further to this, Gen 31:3 demonstrates that Laban is not considered to be part of Jacob’s family because the LORD told him to return to the land of his fathers and kindred. This is further supported by Gen 31:13, which recounts Jacob’s dream in which the angel of God (the LORD) reveals himself to be the God of Bethuel, Bethuel being Laban’s father.
The long running dispute between Jacob and Laban was eventually resolved through the ‘Galeed covenant’ that was made between both men on Mt Gilead, although it is important to note that before this covenant was made, God went to Laban (in a dream) and warned him to take heed and not to speak about Jacob good or bad (Gen 31:24). The thing to note here is God issued a warning to Laban through a dream in relation to speaking bad about God’s chosen. The significance of this will become apparent through Miriam the Levite High Prophetess, Laban and ‘Balaam of Beor’ during the captivity in Egypt.
Interestingly, Galeed was the word used to describe the pile of stones that was heaped up between Jacob and Laban to certify their covenant on Mt Gilead. I think perhaps these stone piles are similar to the ones that are found across the Welsh landscape and may signify locations where covenants or agreements have been made in the past.
Another point to note, is that Haran, who was the brother to Nahor and Abram, means mountaineer in Hebrew, so it is tempting to associate Haran with the Hurrian’s or even the Mitanni with the mountainous empire from which the Hittites unleashed terror. But Heth, the son of Canaan was the progenitor of the Hittites. (Gen 10:25) and it is likely that Heth’s descendants were located near Sidon in the mountainous region called Lebanon which was located right next door to Aram and Haran.
During biblical times, Lebanon (which was part of Syria) did not exist as a country but was known as Lebanon because it translated to whiteness. Note the ‘white’ aspect is from Laban. Lebanon was a wooded mountain range on the northern border of Israel which has snow covered mountain peaks. The word Leban(on) derives from both Laban and Lebana, which would explain why Syria is loathed by the USA. This will become more apparent with the Mormon story of Lehi, a prophet from the Tribe of Manasseh.
What is clear from my research is that Laban was a powerful man in his own right, and if he was a Son of Heth, then he would have been unmatched in terms of fighting skill compared to the Shemites. He also features in the Book of Mormon as the man that was said to be in possession of brass plates that recorded the genealogy of the Israelites.
In search of the facts, another crucial clue to note is that Lebana also refers to the head of a family of exiles (Neh 7:48), this Lebana was said to be one of the Nethinim temple servants that was assigned to serve the Levite priests. Now Laban was the grandfather of Levi through Leah, which means this Laban was still alive and possibly serving the Israelites as part of the ‘Galeed’ covenant made with Jacob.
The main question is, did Laban (the Syrian) aka Lebana come to Britain as Labarna I, where his bronze amulets / idols / spheres were discovered, and where he most likely would have been welcomed by the ancestors of the Sons of Heth who came to the island at the beginning of the bronze era to mine tin from Cornwall and copper from Great Orme near Llandudno north Wales.
Alternatively, if this Labarna was Alban the Syrian Hittite, then he is probably the same Albyne that is recorded in myths as having conquered Britain from the descendants of Meschech, the sixth son of Japheth, also known as Samothes. This is written about in the Holinshed’s Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland, 1587 edition. What is of great interest in this ancient masterpiece is the genealogy of Samothes because his sons include Magus, who was said to be the father of magicians, Druyis, the father of the druids, and Bardus, the father of the bards .
Further evidence that a Laban or a Lebana was in Wales during the Bronze Age is found with the village of Libanus in Powys, which is said to have been named from the same Lebanon mountain range next door to the coastal location of Sidon, meaning these mountains would have been part of Hittite territory. Furthermore, ancient Welsh chapels were called Libanus. For example, The Tabernacle Chapel (Capel y Tabernacl) in Swansea is also known as Libanus Chapel.
Another angle to consider. Note that Aram is the location where Laban would have resided after being married into the dynasty of Shem. Recall that it was the Laban line of descent that represented the feminine side of the divine family tree because he was the man that provided the four females for Jacob..
Curiously, Aram becomes Mara when it is spelled backwards as you would write Hebrew, and Mara is a form of Mary. Laban translates to white, as Lebana translates to Moon white, ‘white’ being the reference to the virgin aspect of Mother Mary or Mother Mara. This connection to Aram and Arimathea through the Mary line of descent applies to the contributions of Hittite Laban, but there is more to understand with regards to the ‘Arthurian’ connection and why Arthur honoured the Virgin Miriam. According to Geoffrey of Monmouth his shield was called Pridwen and was adorned with an image of the Virgin Mary.
This is where things get really interesting.
According to the ‘Book of Mormon’, Laban was the owner of a powerful sword that was made of precious steel and had a hilt of pure gold, which makes sense if he was a Hittite, they were superior in weapon technology in relation to other biblical empires of the era. The ‘First Book of Nephi’ describes Laban as commanding great wealth and having many servants. As previously mentioned, amongst Laban’s possessions were the brass plates containing the genealogy of Lehi, the Israelite prophet from Manasseh. This would suggest that Lehi was a great, great descendant of Laban through the Rachel line of descent. It was believed to be Nephi, a descendant of Lehi, that led his family across the sea to the promised land (America).
The story went: Lehi, having left Jerusalem with his family instructed his four sons to return and retrieve the brass records: “For behold, Laban hath the record of the Jews and also a genealogy of my forefathers, and they are engraven upon plates of brass” is what he commanded.
This seems to suggest that Laban was not a Jew, meaning he was not the legitimate brother of Rebekah either.
The story continues: Lehi’s two older sons were understandably reluctant to obey their father’s order because they were fearful of Laban. However, Lehi’s fourth son, Nephi, killed Laban as he slept (really brave) and stole Laban’s renowned sword for himself, which he would later use as a model for manufacturing similar weapons for his people. According to the Book of Mormon Laban’s sword was then passed down through the centuries to future prophets, kings, and warriors.
Is this sword Excalibur?
There is further controversy surrounding Laban.
According to the Book of Jasher, Laban was also the father of a man called ‘Beor’, who was the father of an Edomite king called Bela who ruled from a city called Dinhabah. This Beor was the father of a hugely controversial man by the name of ‘Balaam’. Balaam is the Hebrew word for prophet בִּלְעָם. The controversy here is that Balaam was linked to ‘Yeshu Ben Stada’ who was also known as ‘Yeshu Ben Pandera’ or ‘Pantera’ (see Talmud), another name for Jesus. This would make Yeshu the grandson of Hittite Laban.
Numerous Talmudic verses are extremely damning and disrespectful of this Yeshu, particularly with regards to his prophecy and sorcery, and his so called deception and leading astray of the Israelites. For example; The presence of Jesus the Nazarene in boiling excrement is one of the references to Jesus in the Babylonian Talmud. Found in (Gittin 57a)
Further information about Balaam is found in the Jewish encyclopedia.
The Talmud is also extremely damning about Yeshu’s mother Miriam for being an adulteress, but fails to identify who she is or who the father was. Why did the Jewish elite hate Balaam so much and hold Miriam in such contempt? Was it because Balaam was a sorcerer that led the Israelites astray or was there something more to the deep hatred of a man that could evidently heal people. Scholars have identified passages in the Talmud and associated Talmudic texts that involve invoking Jesus’ name in order to perform magical healing.
Tosefta Hullin 2:22f – “Jacob … came to heal him in the name of Jesus son of Pantera”
Jerusalem Shabboth 14:4/13 – “Jacob … came in the name of Jesus Pandera to heal him” (Editions or MS: Venice)
Qohelet Rabbah 1:8(3) – “Jacob … came to heal him in the name of Jesus son of Pandera” (Editions or MSs: Vatican 291, Oxford 164, Pesaro 1519)
Babylonian Abodah Zarah 27b – “Jacob … came to heal him” (Editions or MSs: New York 15, Pearo, Vilna)
Jerusalem Abodah Zarah 2:2/7 – “someone … whispered to him in the name of Jesus son of Pandera” (Editions or MS: Venice)
Jerusalem Shabboth 14:4/8 – “someone … whispered to him in the name of Jesus son of Pandera” (Editions or MS: Venice)
Further to these verses are:
Jesus as a sorcerer with disciples (b Sanh 43a-b)
Healing in the name of Jesus (Shab 124:4/13)
As a son or disciple that turned out badly (Sanh 103a/b)
As a frivolous disciple who practiced magic and turned to idolatry (Sanh 107b)
Jesus’ punishment in the afterlife (b Git 56b)
Christian theology, which relates Jesus to the Son of God (as a mortal man) was actually antithetical within the highest echelons of the Jewish elite, which identified the Christ as an unseen heavenly power (force) that is visually represented by the sun, the Jewish nobility then certified this theology through the Nicene Creed. This underlying theology was also fed through the Qumran Essenes philosophy of the Chrēstos, which correlates with Neo-Platonic Gnosticism and the interpretations of Philo of Alexandria (Philo Judaeus).
The Jewish rabbis wanted to make it clear that Yeshu / Balaam, Jesus the man, the son of Beor, son of Laban, was a big stain on Jewish history and they did their best to avoid mentioning him by name. Instead he was called Ben Stada, or he was cryptically known as a ‘certain one’. It seems that he was alive in the time of Jacob and Moses, and crucially, Moses had an older sister by the name of Miriam (Mary) who was the prophetess daughter of Levi. Miriam first appears in the ‘Book of Exodus’ (15:20), her name comes from ‘Meriy’, (מְרִי), which is pronounced ‘Mer-Ree’ and means ‘rebellion’.
Laban was a servant to the ‘House of Levi’, possibly through the ‘Covenant of Galeed’ that was made with Jacob, and it is through him and Miriam that it becomes possible Moses and Aaron had an illegitimate nephew in the highest ranks of the Israelite spiritual elite. Did this controversy result in Laban and Miriam coming to early Britain, which would have been named something else, curiously (Num 12:1-15) reveals some points of interest.
Miriam and Aaron get themselves in hot water with the LORD after they spoke out against Moses for taking a Cushite wife, but only Miriam was punished for the infraction, and the punishment was disproportionate because she was struck down with Leprosy (Num 12:10), and became as white (Laban) as snow, a possible reference to unfaithful behaviour with Laban? Remember, Laban was previously warned in a dream not to speak out against Jacob either good or bad. There is no record of Miriam being married, but this is probably because she was the high priestess of the Levites, so the label of adulteress probably came by virtue of the fact that she would have been married to the LORD through her vows, most likely through celibacy / chastity. Miriam was the original ‘Virgin Mer-ree’.
Interestingly, prior to Miriam being healed through Moses on account of his brother Aaron begging for her, she was cast out of the tabernacle for seven days, although this may not represent what we understand to be a week. Note as well that the LORDs punishment lasted seven days, this correlates with the consecutive seven years that Laban made Jacob labour for Rachel. Was this retribution? The following verse is from Num 12:6-7 and is an important piece of the jigsaw because it may show Miriam’s connection to Balaam the prophet.
And he said, Hear now my words: If there be a prophet among you, I the LORD will make myself known unto him in a vision, and will speak unto him in a dream. My servant Moses is not so, who is faithful in all mine house.
Given the comments from the LORD, it seems the words may have applied to someone other than Miriam and Aaron, the reference to Moses being faithful in all of the LORDs house rules him out, and seems to be directed at Miriam who was not faithful with regards to her sexual purity. Aaron escaped punishment, leaving me to conclude the LORD was referring an unborn prophet who would later speak to the LORD through dreams, this prophet is Balaam as shown in (Num 22:20). Furthermore, (Num 12:12) appears to add weight to the idea that Miriam may have been carrying a child because when Aaron is pleading to Moses on her behalf he says:
“Let her not be as one dead, of whom the flesh is half consumed when he cometh out of his mother’s womb.”
This reference to Miriam being as one dead with the flesh half consumed, in my view, refers to her being deathly pale (white) from the effects of leprosy, a curse associated with Laban perhaps. It also seems reasonable, in my view, to assume that Balaam had prophecy skills because his mother Miriam was the Levite high prophetess / priestess. Further to this, Gen 31:24 also shows how Laban (Yeshu / Balaam’s grandfather who is identified as the Aramean) was also spoken to by God in a dream.
Then God came to Laban the Aramean in a dream at night and said to him, “Be careful not to say anything to Jacob, either good or bad.”.
In the grand scheme, Laban was not held highly in the ‘Book of Mormon’ and was eventually killed by his own sword as he slept, in what I would describe as a cowardly act carried out by Nephi. Despite the fact that Laban must have been an old man at the time, he clearly still terrified Lehi’s’ sons. Perhaps it was testament to being a ‘Son of Heth’ who had conquered his way into the Sethite Dynasty and then had an affair with the LORDs priestess virgin that gave Laban(a) such a low ranking place in Jewish history. After all, Miriam would have been his great granddaughter through Levi.
The question is; was this illegitimate prophet son of Laban, the original Yeshu / Jesus born in Alban (Britain) and remained there to set up a religion in honour of his mother Miriam (Mer-ree / Mary), where he preached in chapels that were called Lebanus after his father. Did Yeshu eventually return to the Middle East where he would have been most unwelcome amongst the Jewish elite for obvious reasons, where he was eventually killed, before his body was returned to his Welsh homeland by Joseph of ARAM.